America’s Road to Empire: Foreign Policy from Independence to World War One
America’s Road to Empire surveys and analyses United States’ foreign relations from the country’s independence in 1776 until its entry into World War One in 1917, using primary source materials and case studies. The book covers key themes including:
– the role that notions of “white superiority” played in US foreign policy
– the search for absolute security that repeatedly led the United States to trample on the liberties of other countries;
– and the idea of American ‘exceptionalism’ – the clash between the idealism of US rhetoric and its actions – which has led to a persistent failure to understand how “European” U.S. policy actually was.
Whilst providing analytical overview, Piero Gleijeses also uses case studies which examine overlooked aspects of U.S. foreign policy, particularly concerning marginalized populations. He draws on archival U.S. and European primary sources and incorporates the latest research from the US, British, French and Spanish archives, as well as newspapers from the United States, Britain, France, Germany, Spain, and Mexico.
A highly original account of the United States’ rise to power drawing on multilingual scholarship, this is an important book for all students and scholars of United States foreign relations up to the First World War.
Cover page Halftitle page Series page SERIES EDITOR PREFACE Title page Copyright page Dedication ABBREVIATIONS PROLOGUE ACKNOWLEDGMENTS CHAPTER 1 INDEPENDENCE Quebec The gathering storm The diplomacy of “a new age”? Louis XVI’s choice The Franco-American alliance The poverty of the American war effort The French role Peace The United States under the Articles of Confederation “The First of Men” CHAPTER 2 THE FEDERALIST ERA The world of Thomas Jefferson Washington’s first term War in the Ohio Valley Washington’s second term Punishing Britain? The Jay Treaty Fallen timbers The debate on the Jay Treaty The US House of Representatives and the Jay Treaty Choosing Washington’s successor The presidency of John Adams The Quasi War CHAPTER 3 THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE “To the Shores of Tripoli” Louisiana Napoleon’s dream The Haitian Revolution Jefferson and Haiti Jefferson’s response Jefferson’s “cannibals” Britain The decision to sell Why Napoleon sold Louisiana An empire of liberty Looking back CHAPTER 4 JEFFERSON’S SECOND TERM The Floridas Words . . . and deeds The maritime quarrel The Chesapeake affair The embargo Assessing Jefferson CHAPTER 5 THE WAR OF 1812 Canada War on the Canadian frontier War on the Chesapeake African Americans and the war The Battle of New Orleans The Peace Treaty The war: a balance sheet The legacy of the war Spanish Florida The first three decades CHAPTER 6 THE LIMITS OF SYMPATHY: THE UNITED STATES AND THE INDEPENDENCE OF SPANISH AMERICA “You are the greatest benefactor on the earth” The United States, Britain, and Spanish America The Monroe Doctrine Cuba The Panama Congress A reckoning CHAPTER 7 INDIAN REMOVAL: A “SICKENING MASS OF PUTREFACTION” The Cherokees The debate in Congress Ethnic cleansing The Supreme Court The Trail of Tears Black Hawk War The Seminoles Looking back CHAPTER 8 MANIFEST DESTINY Texas To the Rio Grande Ships in the night The Slidell Mission Manifest Destiny and Mexico The British threat The burden of responsibility The onslaught “Make Heaven weep” The price of victory CHAPTER 9 THE 1850s AND THE CIVIL WAR The Compromise of 1850 Resurrecting old dreams Filibustering The Africanization of Cuba The Kansas-Nebraska Act The response of the US Government War clouds over Cuba Mexico, again The saga of William Walker Relations with Britain South America looks north The Civil War Assessing CHAPTER 10 AFTER APPOMATTOX The conquest of the West France and Mexico Expansion beyond the borders The roaring 1890s Hawaii Humbling Britannia CHAPTER 11 CUBA AND THE PHILIPPINES The costs The lack of spoils The shift The test of war The Platt Amendment The Philippines McKinley’s decision African Americans War War crimes? “Victory” Imperialism CHAPTER 12 CONQUERING THE BACKYARD: THE LATIN AMERICAN POLICY OF ROOSEVELT, TAFT, AND WILSON The British threat? The German threat? Roosevelt, Taft, and the backyard South America Wilsonian idealism and Mexico Wilson and the Caribbean US colonial rule in Haiti and the Dominican Republic Protective imperialism? CHAPTER 13 THE FAR EAST Early relations with China The “model pupil” Carving up China? The Boxer Revolt Turning against the Tsar The Russo-Japanese War The war’s impact The Japanese threat The Oxnard strike White San Francisco strikes Taft and Japan Enter Woodrow Wilson Looking back CHAPTER 14 THE WHITE CITY ON THE HILL The anti-colonial tradition of the United States Race and the empire of liberty The white American empire Empire on the cheap Land and racism The pariahs Wilsonian idealism The Two Faces of the City on the Hill NOTES BIBLIOGRAPHY INDEX
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